Table of Contents
- Lung cancer : everything you need to know
- Types Of Lung Cancer
- What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Lung Cancer?
- What are the causes of Lung cancer?
- What Are The Risk Factors Of Having Lung Cancer?
- How Lung Cancer Is Currently Treated?
- Stem Cell Therapy And Lung Cancer
- Survey Finds ‘Scanxiety’ Is Common Challenge for Lung Cancer Patients
- Vitamin A, B, C and E Fights Lung Cancer
- Lung cancer highlghts
- Adding asbestos to the lung-cancer screening tool also should help identify mesothelioma in its earliest stages
- Lung cancer is of oncological diseases that primarily affect the man
- Maine has one of the highest rate of lung cancer
- Palliative care reduces odds of suicide in lung cancer patients – research
- Study: Optimizing Immunotherapy in Lung Cancer
- Exercise, Fitness Significantly Decrease After Advanced Lung Cancer Diagnosis
- RNA based therapy cure lung cancer in mouse
- Why rates of lung cancer among non-smokers – and women – are rising?
- Widespread Hype Gives False Hope To Many Cancer patients
- Missouri among the highest lung cancer rates
- New Imaging Technology May Help Predict Aggressiveness of Lung Cancer
- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted approval for expanded use of Imfinzi to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients
- A pulmonologist, advise all patients not to smoke anything
- The unsurmountable battle against deadly lung cancer
- 10 Health And Herbal Benefits of Apple Consumption
- Medical researchers have discovered a new kind of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC)
- Effect of marijuana on cardiovascular health
- Lung cancer tumor growth halved with new approach
- Merck’s Keytruda prolong life in lung cancer study
- Health benefits of pawpaw fruit, leaves and juice
- Safer lung new cancer procedure in Singapore
- Smoking: 5 reasons why most Chinese smokers will not quit
- Is chocolate a cancer-fighting food?
- Cucumber Good For Cancer, Blood Pressure & Kidney Stones
- FROZEN LEMON IS A PROVEN REMEDY AGAINST CANCERS OF ALL TYPES
- 13 Lung Cancer Fighting Foods
- My Own Personal Knowledge of Lung Cancer Home Remedy
Nobody prays to ill but sickness will definitely occur no matter how hard we try to avoid it. Some illnesses are mild while some are severe. Mild ones are normal since it may be due to some changes in the body. However, severe sicknesses such as various forms of cancer are bad because it may mean something is totally wrong with our health. Lung cancer is one of the most deadly disease in the world killing thousands of people every years.
This means that we should try to react promptly to find cure to any symptoms of lung cancer we are experiencing before it get out of hands.
To avoid cancer such as lung cancer, we need to increase our knowledge on the subject. Knowledge is power they say. Have you heard the statement “my people perish because of lack of knowledge.” Is true, knowledge can keep us alive from undue sickness and untimely death.
The book will broaden your knowledge on:
- Meaning, causes, symptoms,types and treatments of lung cancer
- Various researches on the treatment of lung cancer
- How various foods can help as home/herbal remedy to treat lung cancer
- How lemon can help as home/herbal remedy to treat lung cancer and
- Every other things you need to know about lung cancer
That is why this book is a must have and read for everyone who cares about the well being of him/herself and that of the people around him/her especially when it comes to lung cancer.
Lung cancer : everything you need to know
Lung cancer is also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant tumor that can grow without control, in the lung tissues. In most cases, cancer spreads from the lungs to other parts of the body, such as the vertebrae, the breast and so on. This process is known as metastasis. The tumor that begins in the lung, also referred to as primary lung cancers are carcinomas. Lung cancer is one of the most critical and famous causes of cancer deaths, especially in America.
There are two main types of lung cancer, and these are squamous-cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Some of the common signs and symptoms of cancer are a prolonged cough, that doesn’t resolve, even after using cough syrups. Others include hemoptysis, pain in the chest, hoarseness of voice, pain in the bone, headache and loss of weight. Lung cancer is mainly due to some lifestyle activities, such as smoking.
According to statistics, approximately 90% of lung cancer cases are due to smoking. The remaining 10% occur in non-smokers. However, lung cancer occurs mostly as a result of a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Some of the materials that could lead to the development of this tumor include exposure to radon gas, air pollution, and asbestos.
This disease can be diagnosed by using imaging techniques such as the CT scan. And chest radiographs. Diagnosis is usually confirmed by extracting some tissue from the lungs and performing a biopsy. Bronchoscopy can also be done. The prognosis of cancer isn’t good, in fact, most of the cases are not curable.
However, conventional treatments used for lung cancer are chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgical procedures. Those in the stem cell business are doing a lot of work in creating a stem-cell therapy for lung cancer.
Types Of Lung Cancer
Lung cancer can be divided into 2 main categories. This classification is based on their appearance under the microscope. The two types of lung cancer are;
- Small-cell lung cancer: This type of cancer occurs in only chronic and heavy smokers. It almost doesn’t affect non-smokers. The small-cell lung cancer isn’t as common as the non-small cell lung cancer.
- Non–small cell lung cancer: This is a broad term for many types of lung cancer that act in ways that are similar to each other. Examples of non-small cell lung carcinoma are squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Lung Cancer?
Lung carcinoma doesn’t display any symptoms in the initial stage. However, they begin to show in the later stage, and when the disease is already advancing. Below are some of the symptoms;
- Respiratory symptoms: People affected by this disease typically display some pulmonary symptoms such as hemoptysis, shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing, and coughing.
- Systemic signs and symptoms: Rapid and severe loss of weight (cachexia), fever, chronic fatigue syndrome, and clubbing of the fingers.
- The tumor usually gets more prominent and might eventually start compressing on the nearby organs and vessels. Some of the conditions that typically arise as a result of this are superior vena cava compression, problems swallowing food, and so on.
- Paraneoplastic effects: This is a condition in which the tumor takes over endocrine functions. They might start producing Adrenocorticotropic hormone, Lambert-Eaton syndrome and Syndrome of Inappropriate antidiuretic hormone production.
- Other symptoms that might occur include a headache, bone pain, cachexia, chest pain, and so on.
What are the causes of Lung cancer?
Smoking is the most common cause of lung cancer. It’s responsible for close to 90% of all lung cancer cases. People exposed to secondhand also have a high risk of having cancer.
- Smoking: Smoking is the most critical factor when it comes to the development of lung cancer. It’s mostly responsible for most cancer cases. Cigarette contains close to about seventy carcinogens. In addition to this, secondary smoking is also capable of causing lung cancer. Those who inhale smoke, or are exposed to a lot of cigarette smoke have about 30% rise in risk of having lung carcinoma.
- Radon gas: This gas doesn’t have any color or smell. However, it’s capable of causing mutations, and eventually leading to cancer. This gas is usually gotten from the breakdown of the radioactive element radium.
- Air pollution: Fumes released from cars, factories, and the smoke from the burning of fossil fuel also contributes and increases the risk of having lung cancer. As an illustration, women who cook with firewood, have twice the chance of having lung carcinoma as compared to other people.
- Heredity: People who with relatives that have suffered from this disease tend to have more risk of having lung cancer.
What Are The Risk Factors Of Having Lung Cancer?
There are some factors that increase the risk of having lung cancer. Some of these factors are;
- Smoking: Smoking cigarette is the most leading cause and a predominant risk factor for lung cancer. Smoking increases the likelihood of having this disease by multiple folds. It has been observed that 90% of those affected by this disease are smokers.
- Heredity: It has been noticed that those who have relatives that are affected by lung cancer have a high chance of also developing lung carcinoma. The closer the connection, the more the risk. For example, parents to children.
- Secondary smoking: Inhaling cigarette smokes or being exposed to smoke for a long time increases the risk of having the disease.
How Lung Cancer Is Currently Treated?
The physician would decide what kind of treatment is appropriate for the patient. However, this depends on the severity and stage of cancer. There are cases where a patient would rather not undergo treatment, because of the pain and possibility of recovery associated. Some of the popular treatment methods are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. The oncology surgeon would directly remove the tumor, and wherever it might have spread to. Also, high-powered radiations are also used to kill the tumor cells.
Stem Cell Therapy And Lung Cancer
There is a lot of potential in the stem cell therapy for lung carcinoma. Usually, adult stem cells can repair, and replace abnormal cells and tissues in the body. Researchers are working on ways to use this knowledge to treat lung cancer efficiently.
Survey Finds ‘Scanxiety’ Is Common Challenge for Lung Cancer Patients
— Getting regular scans and imaging tests is a normal – and often frequent – occurrence for people living with lung cancer. However, the normalcy does not necessarily mitigate the anxiety surrounding the experience, according to Lung Cancer In America 2018, a national survey by Health Union, LLC of people impacted by the condition, including patients and caregivers.
Living with lung cancer is accompanied by a considerable level of anxiety, with 86 percent of respondents reporting at least a little bit of anxiety on any given day. However, what is often referred to as “scanxiety” – the anxiety, fear and worry associated with scans, specifically before the results are revealed – can exacerbate those feelings. Of those who experience scanxiety, three-quarters reported either “more” or “a lot more” anxiety around the time of scans than at other times.
The frequency of follow-up scans can also cause the scanxiety opportunities to pile up, with almost three-quarters of respondents getting scans either every three to four months or more frequently. Making matters worse, 57 percent said they need to wait two or more days to receive the results of their scans.
According to the American Cancer Society, lung cancer is the second most common cancer for both men and women in the U.S., as well as the nation’s leading cause of death from cancer. Grim statistics surrounding lung cancer have the potential to increase worry and scanxiety.
Additionally, many patients are diagnosed at later stages due to symptoms often being mistaken for other conditions. For example, according to Lung Cancer In America 2018 survey respondents, 58 percent of patients with non-small cell lung cancer were diagnosed at stage III or IV.
Vitamin A, B, C and E Fights Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is a condition where malignant cancer cells begin to
grow and spread within the cells of the lungs. If not treated early, these
cells form tumors that may spread to other parts of the body.
3 POPULAR TREATMENT OF LUNG CANCER
The three major treatment for lung cancer includes chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.
USING VITAMIN A, B, C, E & OTHERS TO TREAT LUNG CANCER
A diet high in B vitamins may help the body fight lung cancer.
SOURCE: vitamin B is abundant in whole grains, bananas, potatoes, oats and turkey. Over-the-counter B- complex vitamin supplement that contains all of the B-vitamins can be bought. One of the reasons vitamin can cure lung cancer is because B vitamins are water soluble, meaning you excrete whatever your body doesn’t use in your urine each day. These vitamins
should be taken daily.
Vitamins A, C and E
These vitamins are antioxidants which help the body fight lung cancer.
Report from the National Cancer Institute, says that antioxidants may
slow or prevent the development of cancer.
Antioxidants protect your body’s cells and increase your immunity.
Lung cancer highlghts
Experts urge Europe to start planning for lung cancer screening lung cancer specialists are urging EU countries to take action to initiate life-saving lung cancer screening programmes as soon as possible.
Lung cancer is the American leading cause of cancer deaths—but that could soon change thanks to a new screening tool. In honor of Lung Cancer Awareness Month, the American Lung Association’s Lung Force initiative is spreading the word about low-dose CT scans and who can benefit from them.
Mesothelioma Community Hopeful After “Unprecedented Response” in Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
Lung cancer patients, mesothelioma patients and oncologists are closely following a Phase II clinical trial after researchers reported “unprecedented ..
Adding asbestos to the lung-cancer screening tool also should help identify mesothelioma in its earliest stages
In a bid to reduce the rate of lung cancer, a University of Michigan and Veterans Affairs research team has developed a novel, personalized lung cancer screening tool that accounts for past asbestos exposure.
Previous occurrences showed that asbestos exposure is the best known primary cause of mesothelioma, but it also significantly increases the chance of developing lung cancer.
Identifying mesothelioma in its earliest stages, is the best way to treat it because it is most treatable in that stage. And, adding asbestos to the lung-cancer screening tool also should help identify mesothelioma in its earliest stages.Mesothelioma is not usually diagnosed until it has progressed into stage 3 or stage 4, when treatment is more palliative than potentially curative.
The tool is designed to better identify people who may benefit — and who won’t benefit — from low dose computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer.
Early CT screening has really help to reduce lung cancer mortality.
Still, more than 200,000 Americans are diagnosed with lung cancer each year, and it remains the leading cause of cancer death in the United States.
Lung cancer is of oncological diseases that primarily affect the man
According to figures published by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2012, each year there are 1.8 million new cases of people suffering from lung cancer.In addition to cancer prostate and colon cancer, the cancer of the lung is of oncological diseases that primarily affect the man.
“Due to smoking there is a higher prevalence in men, however, it must be said that every day there are more women smokers and they begin to match the statistics between both genders,” said the deputy medical director of the night shift at the Hospital de Especialidades del Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in Jalisco.
Santoyo said that “about one of every four deaths from cancer due to cancer of the lung, in fact, there is talk that more people die from cancer of the lung that cancer prostate, colon, and breast .”
SOME FACTORS THAT CAN CAUSE LUNG CANCER:
1. A familial inheritance
2. High levels of air pollution,
3. Exposure to high levels of arsenic in drinking water, and radiation.
One sad thing is the diagnosis is usually late. According to the WHO, only 1 in 4 cases is diagnosed in time to reach the cure.
To avoid lung cancer, people quit smoking as soon as possible to limit their damage and even better that they avoid using tobacco, and that complications may appear years after they quit.
Maine has one of the highest rate of lung cancer
A new American Lung Association report finds that Maine has one of the highest rates of new cases of lung cancer in the U.S. The report also finds that those Mainers who do get lung cancer are slightly likelier than the national average to survive it for five years.
The report uses data from 2009-2013 and finds that Maine’s incidence of lung cancer is just under 75 cases per 100,000 people, which is the sixth-worst rate in the country.
“We have known for a while that we have one of the higher incidence rates,” says American Lung Association Maine Public Policy Director Lance Boucher.
“There’s a lot of risk factors that go into lung cancer, smoking rate being one of them, and radon gas exposure, both of which are prevalent in Maine.”
Radon occurs naturally in Maine, and is the second-leading cause of lung cancer. Tobacco use is the leading risk factor for lung cancer, and Mainers do have high smoking rates. But Boucher says the numbers suggest Mainers may also have high exposures to other risk factors, like air pollution in coastal counties.
“Wind patterns and the coastal conditions in Maine, we are the tailpipe of the Northeast,” says Boucher.
“And a lot of the pollution from Midwest coal plants gets trapped here and results in Mainers having unhealthy air days.”
The report also finds that fewer Mainers are diagnosed in the early, more treatable stage of the cancer, than the national average. It predicts that more than 900 people will die from the disease this year.
Palliative care reduces odds of suicide in lung cancer patients – research
According to a study which was presented recently at the annual meeting of the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, held from April 28 to May 1 in San Diego, patients with advanced lung cancer have increased incidence of suicide, which is reduced in association with receipt of palliative care,
Donald R. Sullivan, M.D., from the Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, and colleagues examined advanced stage lung cancer patients in the Veteran Affairs (VA) Healthcare System to estimate the incidence of suicide. The correlation between palliative care and suicide as cause of death was also examined.According to the researchers, 87 percent of the 20,900 lung cancer patients had lung cancer as the cause of death. Other cancers, heart disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were other common causes of death.
Thirty deaths were due to suicide, with an overall rate of suicide of 200/100,000 patient years. Compared with the overall age, sex, and year adjusted rate of suicide among veterans who use VA health care, this rate represented a five-fold increase (37.5/100,000 patient years). Only 20 percent of the patients who died by suicide had a palliative care encounter, compared with 57 percent among lung cancer patients whose cause of death was not suicide.
This shows that palliative care encounter correlated with reduced odds of death from suicide (odds ratio, 0.18).”
The risk of suicide is underappreciated among cancer patients, especially those with advanced stage disease,” Sullivan said in a statement.
“This study shows another potential benefit of palliative care among lung cancer patients.”
Study: Optimizing Immunotherapy in Lung Cancer
Lung nodules are a diagnostic challenge in the United States with an estimated yearly incidence of 1.6 million. There are significant costs, morbidity and mortality associated with the invasive biopsies needed to determine which nodules are cancerous.
“Integrated Diagnostics pioneered the liquid biopsy approach to lung nodules based on proteomic (protein) analyses of blood plasma samples from hundreds of patients with nodules,” stated CEO Dr. Albert Luderer. “This research resulted in the discovery of several lung cancer-associated changes in a patient’s plasma proteome.”
The original findings were published in Science Translational Medicine and the Journal of Thoracic Oncology, and collectively demonstrated that specific protein changes could be detected in early stage lung cancer and utilized to exclude cancer in patients with benign nodules.
The newly clinical validation represents the performance of the second generation diagnostic test of Integrated Diagnostic’s original published work and is termed Xpresys Lung 2 (‘XL2’). The validation study confirmed the high accuracy of XL2 in identifying benign nodules in patients with a pretest probability of malignancy of 50% and less.
According to Co-authors Paul Kearney, PhD and Steven Springmeyer, MD, “to establish a high level of evidence, we conducted two prospective studies, one for discovery and the other for validation, that focused only on Stage 1A lung nodules. This is incredibly important as these are the lung nodules that are the hardest to assess. We integrated clinical risk factors and found that the proteomic signal was additive to the clinical risk factors. So in a real sense, XL2 is providing physicians with a molecular insight that they have never had before.”
“The outcomes of the PANOPTIC prospective, multi-center, observational trial are significant as they validate a new approach leveraging the proteome –– to accurately distinguish between benign and malignant nodules to rule out early stage lung cancer,” added senior author Dr. Peter Mazzone, MD, MPH, Cleveland Clinic, Director of the Lung Cancer Program and Lung Cancer Screening Program for the Respiratory Institute.
“Through this large-scale research, we have shown that this may provide the needed objective assessment of lung nodules to better determine the best treatment path forward, which could reduce or avoid invasive biopsy or surgery procedures and create improved patient outcomes.”
Exercise, Fitness Significantly Decrease After Advanced Lung Cancer Diagnosis
Physical exercise and measures of fitness, such as endurance and strength, significantly decrease after a diagnosis of lung cancer, according to a study published in Supportive Care in Cancer.
Data from previous studies show that physical exercise improves fatigue, physical capacity, and quality of life for patients with cancer, but physical fitness and exercise behaviors have not been thoroughly assessed in patients with advanced lung cancer.
For this study, researchers enrolled 227 patients with advanced lung cancer shortly after diagnosis and tested for strength and endurance with the maximum voluntary isometric contractions (MVIC) and 6-minute walk test (6MWT), respectively. Baseline measures were taken upon study enrollment and randomization, and patients completed self-report questionnaires that evaluated current and previous exercise behaviors. Two hundred and eleven patients were evaluable for the final analysis.
The authors concluded that these “findings indicate the need for supporting patients with advanced lung cancer to remain physically active after receiving a cancer diagnosis and beginning palliative treatment.”
RNA based therapy cure lung cancer in mouse
Using a inhouse developed technology and modern RNA sequencing, the researchers identified 570 long noncoding RNA molecules that are expressed differently depending on the type of cancer, as well as 633 new independent biomarkers that can be used to predict and treat 14 types of cancer. The results are expected to be important for cancer researchers in many parts of the world.”
Since there is a strong link between cell division cycle and cancer, we are using it as the basis for identifying the important long non-coding RNA molecules that play a key role in cancer growth. Higher expression of some of these long noncoding RNA molecules during cell division cycle may cause cells to divide uncontrollably to become cancerous, explains Chandrasekhar Kanduri.”
This link is known, but no one has made such a broad and extensive analysis previously, nor examined long noncoding RNAs so specifically,” he continues.
The mouse models carrying human lung cancer tissues were injected with a substance (lock nucleic acid modified antisense oligonucleotides, LNA-ASO) that blocked the function of relevant long noncoding RNA molecule. Antisense oligonucleotides were injected twice a week and in 15 days, and the size of the tumors had decreased by almost half.
“Thus we have identified a new method, optimized it in a lab environment, and identified long noncoding RNA molecules that are involved in uncontrolled cell division. By taking aim at these specific molecules, we have reduced cancer growth. Furthermore, the molecules can also be used to predict the disease,” says Chandrasekhar Kanduri.
“We are proposing that this RNA-based method be used to treat lung cancer, for which the survival rate after five years is currently only 18 percent,” he continues. “We need to conduct more studies to see if there is potential to carry out clinical trials in patients, but we believe there is a future for RNA-based treatment in the treatment of cancer.”-eurekalert.org
Why rates of lung cancer among non-smokers – and women – are rising?
Lung cancer is the most common cancer globally, with 1.8 million new cases diagnosed worldwide in 2012 (the most up-to-date figures available). Although 58% of new cases were in developing countries, the disease is a widespread problem – 45000 people are diagnosed with it annually in the UK, 230000 in the US and 125000 in Australia.
Making matters worse, over the last few decades, patient survival has barely improved In 1971-1972, the chance of surviving for 10 years after diagnosis was just 3%. By 2010-2011, 5%. Over the same period, breast cancer death rates declined by34%.
A common view of lung cancer is that it is self-inflicted by smoking – and that the problem will eventually disappear when everyone gives up the habit. But aside from the fact that none of this helps former or current smokers who currently have the disease, there are two major flaws with this thinking.
First, lung cancer cases aren’t declining across the board.The gender gap is one obvious example. More men than women still are diagnosed with lung cancer.
Widespread Hype Gives False Hope To Many Cancer patients
Michael J. Uvanni of Rome, N.Y., sits in one of his two interior design business showrooms in April 2017. Uvanni said his brother may have gotten more time from the many drugs he tried during his illness but that his quality of life was mostly terrible.
After Michael Uvanni’s older brother, James, was diagnosed with a deadly form of skin cancer, it seemed as if everyone told the family what they wanted to hear: Have hope. You can beat this, and we are here to help.
The brothers met with doctors at a half-dozen of the country’s best hospitals, all with impressive credentials that inspired confidence.
Michael Uvanni was in awe when he visited the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, one of the world’s most respected cancer hospitals. It was like seeing the Grand Canyon, said Uvanni, 66, of Rome, N.Y. “You never get used to the size and scope.”
Even the MD Anderson logo on buses and buildings — with “Cancer” crossed out in red, above the words “Making cancer history” — made the family’s battle seem winnable.
“I thought they were going to save him,” said Uvanni, an interior designer.
Patients and families are bombarded with the news that the country is winning the war against cancer. The news media hypes research results to attract readers. Drug companies promise “a chance to live longer” to boost sales. Hospitals woo paying customers with ads that appeal to patients’ fears and hopes.
“I’m starting to hear more and more that we are better than I think we really are,” said Dr. Otis Brawley, chief medical officer at the American Cancer Society. “We’re starting to believe our own bullshit.”
The consequences are real — and they can be deadly. Patients and their families have bought into treatments that either don’t work, cost a fortune or cause life-threatening side effects.
“We have a lot of patients who spend their families into bankruptcy getting a hyped therapy that [many] know is worthless,” Brawley said. Some choose a medicine that “has a lot of hype around it and unfortunately lose their chance for a cure.”
Although scientists have made important strides in recent years, and many early-stage cancers can now be cured, most of those with advanced cancer eventually die of their disease.
For Uvanni, hope gave way to crushing disappointment when his brother’s health declined and he died from metastatic melanoma in 2014.
“You get your hopes up, and then you are dropped off the edge of a cliff,” said Uvanni. “That’s the worst thing in the world.”
Caregivers like Uvanni can suffer prolonged grief and guilt if their loved ones are riddled with side effects and don’t survive as long as the family expected, noted Holly Prigerson, co-director of the Center for Research on End-of-Life Care at Weill Cornell Medical College.
For decades, researchers have rolled out new cancer therapies with great fanfare, announcing that science has at last found a key to ending one of the world’s great plagues, said Dr. Vinay Prasad, an assistant professor of medicine at Oregon Health & Science University. When such efforts fail to live up to expectations, the cancer world simply moves on to the next big idea.
Hyping early scientific results — based on lab tests or animal studies — can attract investors that allow researchers to continue their work. Positive results can lead biotech firms to be bought out by larger drug companies.
“It’s in the interest of almost every stakeholder in the health system to be optimistic about these therapies,” said Dr. Walid Gellad, co-director of the Center for Pharmaceutical Policy and Prescribing at the University of Pittsburgh.
Uvanni says his brother may have gotten more time from the many drugs he tried during his illness but that his quality of life was mostly terrible.
Of course, there is plenty of money to be made.
The U.S. spent nearly $88 billion treating cancer in 2014, with patients paying nearly $4 billion out-of-pocket, according to the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network. Spending on cancer, a disease that most afflicts the aging, is predicted to soar as people live longer.
“While many people are trying to make patients’ lives healthier and longer and better, there are others that are exploiting their vulnerability,” said Dr. Leonard Saltz, chief of the gastrointestinal oncology service at New York’s Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.
Others argue that the excitement about cancer research is justified. A spokeswoman for the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America, an industry group, said cancer patients have good reason for optimism.
“We continue to see great strides in identifying the genetic mutations and related factors that can drive the seemingly random formation of abnormal cells in cancer,” spokeswoman Holly Campbell said in a statement. “In the last decade, we’ve seen a number of scientific advances transform the landscape of many cancers.”
Promises To Cure Abound
Even the country’s top scientists sometimes get carried away.
In 1998, Nobel laureate James Watson — who co-discovered the structure of DNA — told The New York Times that scientists would “cure cancer in two years” using drugs that block tumor blood supplies. At that time, the drugs had succeeded only in mice.
In 2003, the director of the National Cancer Institute, Dr. Andrew von Eschenbach,announced a goal of “eliminating suffering and death due to cancer by 2015” by better understanding tumor genetics.
Last year, when President Barack Obama announced the Cancer Moonshot, which aims to accelerate and better coordinate research, he said, “Let’s make America the country that cures cancer once and for all.”
In a recent interview, von Eschenbach acknowledged he didn’t communicate his goal well.
“We all fall into that trap,” said von Eschenbach, now a senior fellow at the Milken Institute, a health and public policy think tank. “We’re offering what we have, but making it appear that it’s more than what it is.”
It’s easy to see how patients’ hopes are raised, said Timothy Turnham, former executive director at the Melanoma Research Foundation, an advocacy group. Researchers are frequently overly enthusiastic about early discoveries that have little chance of leading to a new drug.
“There is a disconnect between what researchers think is statistically significant and what is really significant for patients,” Turnham said. “Patients hear ‘progress,’ and they think that means they’re going to be cured.”
A Marketing Blitz
Uvanni said his brother’s experience was nothing like the sunny images in TV commercials, in which smiling cancer patients hug their grandchildren, hike in the mountains and lead dance classes.
A TV commercial for the Bristol-Myers Squibb drug Opdivo projects the words “a chance to live longer” on the side of skyscrapers, as a captivated crowd looks on. In much smaller type, a footnote reveals that lung cancer patients taking Opdivo lived just 3.2 months longer than others.
A TV ad for Merck’s Keytruda features reassuring images of a smiling, healthy patient hugging her family — not fighting for breath or struggling to walk. Although the commercial notes that the people in the ad are portrayed by actors, the commercial claims the drug provides “a chance for a longer life. It’s Tru.”
“Your heart sinks when you see those ads,” Uvanni said. Seeing the family depicted in the ad, he said “makes you wonder if they’re going down the same path that we did.”
The Keytruda ad notes that 71 percent of patients given the drug were alive “at the time of patient follow-up,” compared with 58 percent of those who received chemotherapy. The ad doesn’t mention that the “time of follow-up” was 11 months.
“It’s not false; it’s just incomplete,” said pharmacist Harold DeMonaco, a visiting scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston. “They don’t give patients or the patients’ family enough information to make a reasonable decision.”
In an interview, Merck senior vice president Jill DeSimone said that the company aims to be responsible with its advertising, noting that the Keytruda ad reminds patients to talk to their doctors. “The physician is the ultimate decider on treatment,” DeSimone said.
In a statement, Bristol-Myers’ senior vice president Teresa Bitetti said that Opdivo ads play “an important role in educating patients about new treatment options and fostering informed conversations between patients and their doctors.”
Hospitals also have drawn criticism for overstating their success in treating cancer. In 1996, Cancer Treatment Centers of America, a for-profit chain, settledallegations from the Federal Trade Commission that “they made false and unsubstantiated claims in advertising and promoting their cancer treatments.”
The company’s current commercials — dozens of which are featured on their website — boast of offering “genomic testing” and “precision cancer treatment.”
The commercials don’t tell patients that these tests — which aim to pair cancer patients with drugs that target the specific mutations in their tumors — are rarely successful, Prasad said. In clinical trials, these tests have matched only 6.4 percent of patients with a drug, according to Prasad’s 2016 article in Nature. Because these drugs only manage to shrink a fraction of tumors, Prasad estimates that just 1.5 percent of patients actually benefit from precision oncology.
In a statement, Cancer Treatment Centers of America said, “We use national media to help educate cancer patients and their families about the latest diagnostic tools and treatment options. … All of our advertising undergoes meticulous review for clinical accuracy as well as legal approval to ensure we tell our story in an informative and responsible manner, and in compliance with federal guidelines.”
Spending on ads for hospitals that treat cancer soared 220 percent from $54 million in 2005 to $173 million in 2014, according to a 2016 article in JAMA Internal Medicine. Ads for Cancer Treatment Centers of America accounted for nearly 60 percent of all total cancer center advertising.
For more than a decade, the Food and Drug Administration approved no new treatments for metastatic melanoma. Patients typically died within a year of diagnosis.
Since 2011, however, the FDA has approved 11 new treatments, including several immunotherapies, which aim to harness the immune system to fight cancer. Last year, doctors leading a clinical trial announced that the median survival of patients taking the drug Keytruda had grown to two years. Forty percent of patients were alive three years later, according to the clinical trial, presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Researchers have tested immunotherapies against a variety of tumors, leading to approvals in lung cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer and others.
Such success has led doctors to label cancer immunotherapy as a “game changer.” Newspapers and magazines call it a “breakthrough.” And hospitals laud them as “a miracle in the making.”
Yet these treatments — which were initially assumed to be gentler than chemotherapy — can provoke fatal immune system attacks on the lungs,kidneys, heart and other organs.
And there are no approved immunotherapies for tumors of the breast, colon, prostate and pancreas.
Only about 10 percent of all cancer patients can expect to benefit from immunotherapy, Prasad said.
Uvanni’s brother — who tried immunotherapy, as well as a number of other approved and experimental treatments — survived 3½ years after his diagnosis. That might lead many oncologists to describe his story as a success.
Uvanni sees no reason to celebrate. He wanted more than short-term survival for his brother.
“I thought we were going to have a treatment where we’d at least have a good block of quality time,” Uvanni said.
But treatments meant to control the cancer only made him sick. Some caused flu-like symptoms, with fever, chills and shakes. Others left him nauseated, unable to eat or move his bowels. Others caused dangerous infections that sent him to the emergency room.
“I hope that if something like that happens to me,” Uvanni said, “I would be strong enough to say no to treatment.”
– Kaiser Health News
Missouri among the highest lung cancer rates
The conclusion of the American Lung Association is that every states need to do more to combat lung cancer.
A new report reveals the vital need for increased lung cancer resources.According to records, Missouri reports 6th highest lung cancer rates, and low early detection.
There will be more than 5,700 people in Missouri diagnosed with lung cancer and almost 4,000 will succumb to the deadly disease in 2018.
New Imaging Technology May Help Predict Aggressiveness of Lung Cancer
Case Western Reserve and Cleveland Clinic are leading development of a computerized tissue-imaging program that could soon help identify which lung cancer patients are likely to face an earlier recurrence of the disease.With that information, cancer experts could more accurately determine which lung cancer patients should undergo aggressive post-surgery chemotherapy—and which are unlikely to benefit from it.
“Right now, virtually all early-stage lung cancer patients get surgery,” said Anant Madabhushi, founding director of the Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics (CCIPD) at the Case School of Engineering.
“The problem is oncologists don’t currently have sufficient information to know which of these patients will also receive added benefit from chemotherapy.”
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted approval for expanded use of Imfinzi to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration had granted approval for expanded use of Imfinzi to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with inoperable mid-stage disease that has not spread widely around the body.
The green light – which had been expected following positive clinical data last year – gives AstraZeneca a chance to intervene earlier in lung cancer, distinguishing it from rivals that have approval for tackling advanced or metastatic disease.
Analysts believe using Imfinzi in so-called stage III lung cancer, where cancer has only spread locally, opens up an annual sales opportunity worth around $2 billion. Importantly, AstraZeneca has a lead of two to three years over other drug companies in this particular area.
A pulmonologist, advise all patients not to smoke anything
According to researchers, the smoke of cannabis and tobacco say they may be similar in how they damage
For instance, pulmonologist Dr. Donald Tashkin, emeritus professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, told NBC News: “The smoke of marijuana contains many of the same volatile chemicals found in tobacco smoke that are injurious to lung tissue.”
“As a pulmonologist, I advise all my patients not to smoke anything,” Tashkin said.
On the surface, pot smokers would seem to be at a lower risk than cigarette smokers because they light up fewer times a day. But researchers have found that far more carcinogens, like tar, end up in the lungs when a joint is smoked than a cigarette.
This is as a result of the fact that the way marijuana is smoked is different to a normal cigarette. Traditional vaping or joint smoking usually involves inhaling the marijuana smoke deeply into the lungs and holding it in, which gives the toxins more contact with the lungs. Also, many marijuana users smoke a joint all the way to the end.Tar, the sticky stuff left after burning, is concentrated at the end of a joint and contains high levels of harmful substances that can injure lung cells.Some research has shown that smoking one joint is comparable to smoking anywhere from four to 20 cigarettes. These findings are one reason why Tashkin expected to find a link between smoking pot and developing lung cancer.
“Regular smoking of marijuana by itself causes visible and microscopic injury to the large airways that is consistently associated with an increased likelihood of symptoms of chronic bronchitis that subside after cessation of use,” Tashkin wrote in a 2013 study on the effects of habitual marijuana use on the lungs.
Though, he also found that pre-cancerous alterations developed in the lungs, but it often did not lead to cancer.
“In human studies of long-term marijuana users, we found widespread pre-cancerous changes on the lungs,” Tashkin said.
“That doesn’t mean that if you have these changes you will develop lung cancer. But if it’s there you are at an increased risk of doing so.”
According to Tashkin, who has co-authored numerous studies on the impact of marijuana on the lungs over the past 30 years, has even re-analyzed his own data, he only found an increased risk of lung cancer in heavy smokers in a small number of patients. The number was so small that Tashkin didn’t believe it could be used as firm evidence to support the conclusion that pot could cause cancer.
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The unsurmountable battle against deadly lung cancer
Unfortunately, lung cancer is one of the most aggressive cancers. Out of 100 patients, only 10 to 15 patients survive for five years upon diagnosis. Things look even bleaker for those diagnosed with stage four with only two out of 100 patients living up to five years.
Subang Jaya Medical Centre clinical oncologist Dr Matin Mellor says early diagnosis for lung cancer is difficult as there are no symptoms to indicate the presence of the disease.
Every time patients complain about coughing or chest pain, they almost always co-relate with an advanced stage of the disease. Some of the cases are diagnosed incidentally when patients come in with a different health issue.
“It is difficult to detect it early because the lungs have a big capacity. There are two lungs, so if there is any issue, there will not be any symptoms. Even if half of the lung is destroyed, you can still function normally.
“It is only when the tumour grows to a certain size or reaches a critical level that the symptoms manifest persistently, something you can no longer ignore. If the cancer blocks the main function of the lungs, then you may have early symptoms such as a cough.
“But if it is peripheral, you may not have any symptoms. Only when it grows more central will you get the symptoms. But by then the cancer will have moved to an advanced stage.”
10 Health And Herbal Benefits of Apple Consumption
Do you know that daily intake of apples can help to reduce the risk of
diabetes, cancer and other cardiovascular disease? If not, this
article will open your eyes to at least 10 health and nutritional
benefits of apple.
Apples are great source of vitamins and many essential minerals,
antioxidants and fiber. Apples also contain phytochemicals and
antioxidants such as catechin, phloridzin, quercetin and chlorogenic
acid, phenolics, flavonoids, carotenoids as well as vitamins that help
to boost the body immune system and fight against bacteria and
infections. These phytochemicals and antioxidants can also reduce the
risk of developing such disease such as diabetes, cancer and various
type of cardiovascular ailment.
Worldwide there is increased awareness of the nutritional value and
health benefits of apples which account for its increased popularity
and consumption rate.
Apple is one of the most popular and fast selling fruits in the street
and market of Africa, A sia, America and world in general. Apple
fruits come in variety of colors ranging from green, light green, red
or a mixture of both colors.
10 Health Benefits of Apple Consumption
1. Apple help to build up the immune system
Apple is a good source of vitamin C. This vitamin is needed in great
amount by the body especially by the immune system to prevent our body
against uninvited guest such as bacteria, infections and other
ailments that usually capitalize on poor immune system.
2. Reduce the risk of diabetes
The red color in apple is caused by an antioxidant called
anthocyanins. This class of antioxidants is known to lower the risk of
developing type 2 diabetes.
3. Reduce the risk of cancers
Adequate consumption of apple can help to minimize the risk of
developing various types of cancer such as pancreatic cancer, liver
cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, epithelial lung cancer and other
forms of cancer. The ability of the apple to prevent or curb the
growth of all sort of cancer is linked with the abundant presence of
compounds such as flavonol, triterpenoids, catechins and antioxidants.
4. Increase brain memory
Apples contain compounds that are good for brain proper functioning
and retention. Acetylcholine helps to sharpening your memory and apple
helps in the increase production of acetylcholine. Therefore, apple is
recommended for teens, elderly and people with poor memory.
5. Apples helps to lower cholesterol
Apples contain fibre in the form of a soluble compound named pectin.
The fibre, pectin discourages the absorption and storage of
cholesterol while encouraging the immediate use of it, thereby
preventing the body from ailments caused by high cholesterol.
6. Apple reduces obesity
Apples are anti-calorie, since it boosts calorie burn. The
anti-calorie nature of apples is caused by the presence of the
component, ursolic acid. Therefore, eating lot of apples can help to
burn calorie, increase muscle, keep you slim thus reducing the risk of
illnesses associated with obesity.
7. Apple helps with breathing, asthma and pulmonary function
The skin of apples is abundantly rich in quercetin, an antioxidant
which improves the lung performance and ensuring proper breathing.
Though, apple cannot cure asthma but it can help to minimize the risk
of asthma and bronchial hypersensitivity.
8. Minimize the risk of developing cataracts
In general, antioxidants which are present in fruits help to minimize
the risk of developing the eye defect ‘cataracts.’ Since apples are
abundantly rich in antioxidants, eating plenty of it can help prevent
9. Apple helps to manage your calorie intake
Our digestive system takes longer time to digest fibre which is a
complex material than sugar and other simple materials. Therefore,
eating a lot of apples can make you full for long period than eating
other foods that are highly rich in calorie. Therefore, helps you to
manage your calorie consumption.
10. Apples reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease
Apple is abundantly rich in flavonoids thus high consumption of apple
can help to decrease the risk of all sort of cardiovascular disease.
Medical researchers have discovered a new kind of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC)
Medical researchers have discovered a new kind of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). The discovery surely open the way for developing personalized medicine approaches to target this previously unnoticed form of the disease.
The research team, was led by Christopher Vakoc, M.D., Ph.D., a Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) Associate Professor, and found a paucity of neuroendocrine markers in pulmonary neuroendocrine cells, a cell type thought to be the source of SCLC.”We were using the CRISPR screen to discover new vulnerabilities in this disease that we didn’t know about before,” Vakoc says. “The surprise is that in the process, we discovered a new form of lung cancer.”
“In the past, we’ve lumped the different forms of SCLC together because they look similar on a microscope slide, but we now have some molecular tests that can easily discriminate these malignancies,” says postdoctoral investigator Yu-Han Huang, first author on the new paper. “Our findings suggest that we should be designing clinical studies for them separately, to find therapies that might cater to the different types of tumor.”
Effect of marijuana on cardiovascular health
While smoking, and for about an hour afterward, marijuana has proven to increase heart rate, blood pressure, and subsequently heart attack risk.
These effects are also dose dependent — meaning the more marijuana used, the greater the effects on the cardiovascular system.But that in and of itself is unlikely to affect your workout — if you’re healthy.”The consensus of the available data at this time indicates that cannabis use alone fails to present a significant health risk to otherwise healthy subjects,” Paul Armentano, the deputy director of NORML, told Healthline.
That opinion was also supported by Dr. Kenneth Mukamal, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard University.”
These effects could be dangerous during exercise, but the evidence mostly comes from people with existing heart disease,” he said.
So, depending on your current health, fitness level, and exercise goals, the risks of using marijuana are likely to change significantly.”
Our best guess is that marijuana smoking is particularly risky for people at high risk for heart disease. The higher one’s underlying risk due to age, blood pressure, diabetes, etc., the higher the potential risk from marijuana,” said Mukamal.
But even for healthy individuals, changes in blood pressure during intense workouts can lead to dizziness and falling.
Lung cancer tumor growth halved with new approach
In the new research, Chandrasekhar Kanduri — a professor of medical biochemistry and cell biology — and colleagues saw that by downregulating noncoding RNA activity, they were able to reduce cancer growth in a mouse model of lung cancer by 40 to 50 percent which is a significant amount.
According to Kanduri, “This link [between noncoding RNA and cancer] is known, but no one has made such a broad and extensive analysis previously, nor examined long noncoding RNAs so specifically.”
Merck’s Keytruda prolong life in lung cancer study
According to report, Merck & Co’s approved Keytruda lung cancer
treatment is said to provided superior overall survival to chemotherapy.
This is confirmed in a late-stage study of patients with advanced disease whose tumors produce a protein called PD-L1 associated with increased
risk of the disease.
Health benefits of pawpaw fruit, leaves and juice
Wellness advantages of Pawpaw Leaves, Fruit, and Juice: Why You need It
the advantages of Pawpaw Fruit
Pawpaw is legendary to possess countless health as a fruit and likewise as a alleviation for quite a lot of health stipulations. The health benefits of pawpaw fruit incorporate:
The fruit aids indigestion as it includes papain, an enzyme recognized to strengthen digestion via cleaning the digestive tract and helping protein breakdown. It’s excellent for looking for normal weight reduction remedies. A bowl filled with pawpaw as a mid-morning or mid-night food can give a boost to your health.
The scrumptious fruit is also a robust deworming alleviation.
Pawpaw in your weight loss plan also helps treat macular degeneration, a condition where the ocular cells within the eyes degenerate leading to blurred imaginative and prescient and in some occasions, blindness.
Foliate, vitamin E, and nutrition C in pawpaw produce a tonic effect in your intestines and stomach which helps scale back motion ailment.
Advantages of Pawpaw Leaves
pawpaw leaves can be consumed for well being functions. Listed here are the wellness advantages of pawpaw leaves.
Cures dengue fever
This deadly sickness is customarily caused by means of the Aedes mosquito and is transmitted as dengue virus. To this point, there is no distinct treatment has been found to remedy the ailment. However, juice from the papaya leaf has been used as a usual approach of treating the ailment. Peculiarly, the comfort has no aspect results.
The leaves have additionally been found to have anti-malarial properties. For that reason, the juice has quite often been utilized in unique corners of the globe as a prophylactic that prevents malaria in a few endemic areas.
Well being advantages of Pawpaw Leaves, Fruit, and Juice: Why You need It
Many of the anti-cancer properties of pawpaw are mainly loaded in the leaves. A study by the Journal of Ethnopharmacology suggests that pawpaw leaf juice possesses enzymes with dramatic melanoma-fighting features. The alleviation can be used to combat towards a style of tumors together with pancreatic cancer, liver melanoma, breast cancer, lung melanoma, and cancer of the cervix. Pawpaw leaf extract boosts the response of the immune approach to melanoma.
Boiling contemporary pawpaw leaves alongside sliced orange portions helps burn the body fat considering that the juice is a best decreasing agent.
The juice from pawpaw leaves can relieve menstrual affliction. Simply take one pawpaw leaf then combine with salt and tamarind then boil with a glass of water. Drink the concoction when cool.
The leaves can also be as a superb dermis cleansing agent as a result of its karpain compounds which might be identified to inhibit toxins and microorganisms. Additionally it is an amazing medication for eczema and remedy sores and open wounds. That you can additionally soften corn and hardened skin on your toes utilising the milky juice extract.
The juice can be used for hair cure, manipulate of flakes and prevention of dandruff.
Benefits of Pawpaw Juice
well-being advantages of Pawpaw Leaves, Fruit, and Juice: Why You want It
The benefits of pawpaw juice go hand in hand with the benefits of pawpaw fruit. Listed below are one of the vital benefits.
Pawpaw juice is scrumptious and can also be loaded with a number of nutrients which are important to the body.
The juice comprises enzymes comparable to chymopapain that aid restrict osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
The juice has powerful antioxidant results which help minimize free radicals in the physique. It is just right for the well-being of your heart.
The juice is an excellent remedy for legislation of menstruation for those with irregular cycles.
Comprise the scrumptious and versatile fruit for your weight loss program and enhance your health.
Safer lung new cancer procedure in Singapore
It was a breakthrough for cancer research and history in Singapore as a doctor British brought a new procedure which allows doctors to pinpoint cancer in the lungs more accurately and could lead to earlier diagnoses and treatment for the number one cancer killer in Singapore.
Smoking: 5 reasons why most Chinese smokers will not quit
Despite the popular advert on smoking cigarette that says ‘smokers are
liable to die young’ the trend is increasing everyday throughout the
world, and most especially in China.
According to report, China is consuming one out of three cigarette
produced in the world. And, this is becoming a serious health issue to
the Chinese people.
According to report from a new study that examines the devastating
toll of rising smoking rates on China’s male population, smoking
deaths in China are set to triple to 3 million a year by 2050, if
urgent attention is not taking.
Report from the United States of America shows that smoking could be a
leading cause of death if care is not taking. According to the Center
for Disease Control and Prevention, smoking causes one in five deaths
in the United States each year.
Imagine a whole 3 million people dying yearly in a single country from
The report which was published in the British medical journal The
Lancet, reveals that nearly two thirds of young Chinese men pick up
smoking and at least half of them will die from the habit, if they
don’t quit before it affects their health.
Scientists from Oxford University, the Chinese Academy of Medical
Sciences and the Chinese Center for Disease Control decided to
determine how harmful is smoking to the health of an average Chinese
smokers. They tracked the health effects of smoking over time in two
large, geographically diverse studies. Their study revealed that
cigarette consumption has grown substantially for men in both urban
and rural China over the last few decades while rates fell for women.
Accordingly, they found that urban males who started smoking before
they turned 20 had twice the mortality rate of non-smokers, with
substantially increased rates of death from smoking-linked pulmonary
disease, lung cancer, heart disease and stroke.
According to the scientists, the first generation of men to experience
the full hazards of smoking will probably be those born during the
1970s or 1980s.
Happily, smoking rate or trend in the USA is direct opposite of that
of China which shows that smoking trend in China can be changed. For
instance, smoking rates in the United States are less than half what
they were 50 years ago.
China now consumes a third of the world’s cigarettes. And, China
government will not be able to do much about stopping Chinese from
smoking for five reasons.
FIVE REASONS IT WILL BE HARD TO STOP CHINESE FROM SMOKING
1. According to the Tobacco Atlas, 26% of the price of a packet of
cigarettes is tax, compared with a WHO benchmark of 75%. Which means
income from tobacco sales and taxes are major sources of government
revenue in China. This make it difficult to really open the eyes of
smokers to public health implications of their habit.
2. Another reason it will be difficult to stop Chinese from smoking is
that there is this common myths about smoking. One of which is the
protective biological mechanisms specific to Asian populations make
smoking less hazardous to them.
3. They believe that it is easy to quit smoking
4. They believed that tobacco use is an intrinsic and ancient part of
5. Another reason it will be hard for increasing smoking trend in
China to reverse is that most smokers are ignorant about the danger of
smoking to their health and that of the public. According to a survey
from the World Health Organization, knowledge about the dangers of
smoking is still a long way
to go in China because half of adults questioned did not know that
smoking can cause strokes or heart disease. Also, more than one in ten
people did not know second hand smoke can cause lung disease in
It is advisable for government of China and Chinese people, both
smokers and non-smokers to take the health implication of smoking
seriously before is too late. I want to also suggest that they find
herbs or drugs that can neutralize the effect of smoking from the
Is chocolate a cancer-fighting food?
Is it too good to be true that chocolate fights cancer? Maybe not, according to some emerging data. An antioxidant found in chocolate called catechin was linked with lower rates of lung cancer in a study of elderly Dutch men. A year later, a study of postmenopausal women in the United States found that those who consumed the highest level of catechin had 45% lower risk of rectal cancer, compared with those who consumed the lowest level.
However, the authors of the studies pointed out that other foods and drinks, especially tea, apples and pears, are richer sources of catechin than chocolate, and the lower rates of cancer could have more to do with people consuming them.
Cucumber Good For Cancer, Blood Pressure & Kidney Stones
1. Is 90% water
2. Dissolves kidney bladder stones
3. Rehydrates the body
5. Regulates blood pressure
6. Heal stomach ulcers
7. Promotes healthy skin
8. Relieves headache
FROZEN LEMON IS A PROVEN REMEDY AGAINST CANCERS OF ALL TYPES
Place the washed lemon in the freezer. Once frozen, get your grater, &
shred the whole lemon (no need to peel it) and sprinkle it on your
foods! On vegetables, salad, ice cream, soup, cereals, noodles, spaghetti
sauce, rice, sushi, fish dishes, … the list is endless.
All the foods will get an unexpected wonderful taste!
Most likely, you only think of lemon juice as vitamin C ?? Not anymore!
What’s the major advantage of using the whole lemon other than preventing waste & adding new taste to your dishes?
Lemon peels contain as much as 5 to 10 times more vitamins than the lemon juice itself & that’s what you’ve been wasting! Lemon peels are health rejuvenators in eradicating toxic elements in the body.
The surprising benefits of lemon is the miraculous ability to kill cancer cells! It is 10,000 times stronger than chemotherapy!!
Why do we not know about that?
Because there are laboratories interested in making a synthetic version that will bring them huge profits.
You can now help a friend in need by letting him/her know that lemon juice is beneficial in preventing the disease.
Its taste is pleasant and it does not produce the horrific effects of chemotherapy.
How many people will die while this closely guarded secret is kept, so as not to jeopardize the multimillionair es large corporations?
This plant is a proven remedy against cancers of all types.
It is considered also as an anti microbial spectrum against bacterial infections and fungi, effective against internal parasites and worms, it regulates blood pressure & an antidepressant, combats stress & nervous disorders.
The source of this information is fascinating: it comes from one of the largest drug manufacturers in the world, says that after more than 20
laboratory tests since 1970, the extracts revealed that It destroys
the malignant cells in 12 cancers, including colon, breast, prostate, lung & pancreas…
The compounds of this tree showed 10,000 times better effect than the product Adriamycin, a drug normally used chemotherapeutic in the world,
slowing the growth of cancer cells.
And what is even more astonishing: this type of therapy with lemon extract only destroys malignant cancer cells and it does not affect healthy cells. .
So, give those lemons a good wash, freeze them and grate them. Your whole body will love you for it!!
13 Lung Cancer Fighting Foods
There are foods that helps to fight cancer, some of them are listed below.
In a recent study looking at non-small cell lung cancer cells grown in the lab, phloretin, which is found in pears and apples, markedly induced programmed cell death (apoptosis) in these cancer cells.2 The researchers felt that phloretin may someday be used as an adjunct in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.
Phloretin not only played the above role with lung cancer cells but in another study also enhanced the anticancer effect of cisplatin, a common chemotherapy drug used for people with lung cancer. In addition to its possible effect on cancer, phloretin may reduce fibrosis in the lungs, such as that commonly associated with radiation therapy.
Pears (as well as apples) contain a phytochemical called phloretin that is thought to have anti-tumor activities.
Green tea is another food that appears to do double duty when it comes to lung cancer.
Not only has green tea been found to have a preventive role in the development of lung cancer, but may be of benefit to those already living with the disease.
While studies on humans have yet to be done, researchers have looked at its effects on both human lung cancer cells grown in the lab, and in animals. Compounds including theaflavin and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) were found to potentiate the effect of the chemotherapy drug cisplatin which is often used to treat lung cancer.3 In one part of the study, the effectiveness of cisplatin in eliminating cancer cells was increased by a factor of seven.
Keep in mind that most green tea does have caffeine. If you are sensitive to caffeine or it keeps you awake, you may want to find a caffeine-free variety or concentrate on other items on this list. Also keep in mind that the bottled green tea you find at the store may not be the best choice. Compounds such as ECGC don’t last, and the amount found in most soft drinks is very low.
On a last note, you may want to skip the creamer, as dairy products can combine with and neutralize ECGC. Consider adding a touch of lemon instead, which enhances the absorption of this compound.
Vitamin D has received a lot of attention in recent years, and a diet high in vitamin D may have some benefit for people with lung cancer as well.
Researchers observed non-small cell lung cancer cells containing an EGFR mutation, to see what effect vitamin D3 may have.4 The cells were treated with 25-hydroxyvitamin D3—the breakdown product of the vitamin which circulates in the blood. It was found that in this setting vitamin D3 inhibited the growth of lung cancer cells.
Vitamin D which is found in fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and herring appears to have other health benefits as well and a deficiency in vitamin D can lead to many medical problems. In addition to dietary sources, vitamin D can be absorbed outside from the sun, but sunscreen interferes with this process. Given its role in cancer, and how easy it is to know your level with a simple blood test, talk to your oncologist about having this tested.
Of all the vitamins and minerals in our diets, vitamin D may be the hardest to get in dietary form. Being outside in the sun in shorts and a T-shirt for 15 minutes, however, delivers a very healthy daily dose. That’s not always possible in Northern climates (or for other reasons, such as chemotherapy drugs which raise the risk of a sunburn).
If your level of Vitamin D is low, your oncologist can talk about the best supplement to improve your level.
Ginger may help with chemotherapy-induced nausea, but it may play an even bigger role for people living with lung cancer.
Ginger contains a compound 6-shogaol that may help prevent the development of lung cancer, but through its actions on the pathways that help cancer to spread, may lower the risk of metastases from a cancer already present.5 Evidence of the benefits of ginger were noted in treating lung cancer cells in the lab, and It was also found that dietary ginger intake reduced the risk of lung cancer metastases in mice with lung cancer. Since metastases are the leading cause of death for people with cancer, this is an important finding.
Ginger is thought to have other health benefits as well, particularly in helping people with chronic pain.5
Some people think of capers as pea shaped pickles, but these tiny flower buds—native to the Mediterranean and some parts of Asia—have much more to offer.
Capers are one of the highest known sources of a compound called quercetin, which is a powerful antioxidant that appears to inhibit the growth of several cancers, especially cancers of the lung, brain, blood, and salivary gland.
Quercetin inhibits a signaling pathway in lung cancer cells that is necessary for the cells to divide and multiply.6 Earlier studies found that in addition to inhibiting cancer cell growth, quercetin also plays a role in programmed cell death (apoptosis) of cancer cells.
Other foods rich in quercetin include dill weed, red onions, blueberries, apples, and green and black tea.6
Turmeric, an essential ingredient in curry among other foods, contains the compound curcumin. Turmeric is the spice that gives curry the yellow color. Curcumin has been found in several studies to inhibit the invasive ability of lung cancer cells.7
Curcumin has been looked at for some time with cancer, as it appears to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune stimulatory effects in addition to facilitating cell death (apoptosis) in cancer cells.
The American Cancer Society has stated that lab and animal tests on turmeric look very promising, but is hesitant to recommend this spice for prevention or treatment.
For those who are currently undergoing treatment for cancer, the news is good as well. Curcumin may work to make tumors more sensitive to the effects of treatment with chemotherapy and radiation therapy, especially with medications such as the common lung cancer chemotherapy drug cisplatin.
In addition to cancer prevention and treatment, turmeric is being studied for its role in a wide variety of health conditions, even its potential role in Alzheimer’s disease.
Until that time, and since we are discussing dietary sources alone, it probably can’t hurt to add a few foods containing this colorful spice to your diet. It’s very important to note that relatively large quantities of curcumin supplements need to be taken in order to be absorbed. Three studies showed that at 1.8 grams of curcumin per day as a supplement, curcumin has very poor availability and is undetected in the blood of patients that receive it. On the other hand, when cooked as curry, curcumin has a better availability and is better absorbed.
Berries such as blueberries, raspberries, blackberries, and cranberries are loaded with compounds known as anthocyanidins. One form of anthocyanidin known as delphinidin made a significant difference for mice inoculated with EGFR mutated human lung cancer cells.9 (If you are not familiar with EFGR or have not had molecular profiling done on your lung cancer, make sure to talk to your doctor.)
Dietary delphinidin inhibited the growth of the tumors, limited the ability of the tumors to create new blood vessels in order to expand (something known as angiogenesis) and induced cell death (apoptosis) among the cancer cells.
An added benefit are studies finding that anthocyanidins may help prevent the formation of blood clots (thrombosis). Considering that 3% to 15% of people with lung cancer develop blood clots and that this is associated with an increased rate of death from the disease, berries may help in more ways than one.8
Carrots are an excellent source of a phytochemical known as chlorogenic acid. In order for tumors to grow and invade tissues, they must grow new blood vessels to supply the tumor. Some treatments for cancer are designed to interrupt this process which is called angiogenesis. In other words, if the tumor is unable to create a blood supply for itself, it cannot continue to expand.
Chlorogenic acid appears to disrupt a signaling pathway in lung cancer which is necessary in order for angiogenesis to occur.10
While carrots are very rich in this compound, it may also be found in significant quantities in flaxseed, apples, strawberries, potatoes, and pineapple.
Unlike some foods which can lose their protective phytochemicals during cooking, carrots are an exception to the rule.
The process of cooking—and even storing cooked carrots in the fridge for a day or two—may increase their nutritional value.9
Red Grape Juice
Resveratrol, a compound in red wine, has received a lot of attention in recent years, and for good reason.
Resveratrol, which is found in red wine, not only appears to lower the risk of developing several cancers but may work to help cancer treatments work better.
One of the problems with lung cancer treatment is that cancer cells have a mind of their own. The are “smart” if you will, and become resistant to treatments designed to eliminate them. Thankfully it’s been found that compounds such as resveratrol may sensitize tumors to the effects of treatment.11 With lung cancer, an intake of this nutrient may help to improve the effectiveness of common chemotherapy medications such as Taxol (paclitaxel), Platinol (cisplatin), and Iressa (gefitinib). It’s too soon to recommend using this as a “treatment adjuvant” but getting a little resveratrol in your diet isn’t likely to hurt.
Of course, there is controversy in recommending an alcoholic beverage, but don’t be worried. Red grape juice packs a powerful punch, as do other foods containing resveratrol such as dark chocolate and blueberries.
A snack of red grape juice, a few bits of dark chocolate, and a few blueberries could be a lovely dessert that may even quell the thought that you are eating a lung cancer-fighting diet.
Tomatoes, and especially tomato sauces, contain lycopene, a potent compound for both reducing the risk of cancer and fighting it.
Lycopene works at several points in the progression of cancer.12 It may inhibit growth of tumors, interfere with the process in which lung cancer cells divide, inhibit the spread of cancer, and assist in ridding the body of cancer cells through apoptosis.
In addition, lycopene has antiinflammatory properties which may help lessen both the promotion and progression of lung cancer.
A study looking at over 100,000 people found that lung cancer was significantly less common among those who had a generous intake of foods containing lycopene.
Clearly, lycopene perform actions that hint it is a powerful cancer fighter11
Oysters are a very rich source of the mineral zinc. Not only does this mineral appear to have a direct role in fighting lung cancer, but may stimulate the effect of the lung cancer chemotherapy drug Taxotere (docetaxel).13
For those who don’t get enough zinc to begin with, it’s important to know that zinc deficiency is associated with a decline in immunity—something very important for cancer patients.
It’s hard finding good sources of zinc, and this was one study which looked at using a supplement instead of relying on dietary sources of a cancer-fighting nutrient. If you have a shellfish allergy it’s best to pass by this by, but many enriched breakfast cereals contain a decent amount of zinc as well.12
Watercress is an excellent source of isothiocyanates, compounds which not only interfere with the process of cancer cells dividing to inhibit tumor growth but seem to enhance the effect of radiation therapy in killing cancer cells.
In addition to watercress, this compound is present in other cruciferous vegetables such as wasabi, mustard greens, brussels sprouts, bok choy, kohlrabi, and cauliflower.
From constipation to hot flashes, flaxseed is thought to have health benefits overall, but may play a role in cancer treatment as well. Flax has a component called lignans which may be responsible for these effects.15
Radiation therapy is known to cause plenty of side effects and is known to cause long-term side effects such as pulmonary fibrosis for people living with lung cancer. Researchers treated mice who were living with lung cancer to a diet of flax seed. They found that not only did the mice given flax seeds live longer, but a diet rich in flaxseed appeared to protect normal cells from being damaged while allowing or enhancing the death of cancer cells.
Try to make your meals an experience and a time of joy. Take the time to set a beautiful table. This may sound exhausting when you are in cancer treatment, but it can be a good opportunity to enlist those people who long to help in some way. Often times, family caregivers of people with cancer state that the hardest part of coping is the feeling of being helpless. Light some candles. Play music you love. Savor each moment while you dine. Those who have lived with cancer know that life is too short to do anything else.
My Own Personal Knowledge of Lung Cancer Home Remedy
From my own experience which i didn’t impose on you because it didn’t happened to me directly but to one of my friends. when he had lung cancer as a second-hand smokers, what they told him to use as home remedy is to mix small quantity of any white gin with yoghurt and be drinking it often.
And he said it works. He said that is the main thing that works for him. You can also do your own research about this before using it or recommending it for someone else. Is just part of what i heard, so am not directing anyone to use it without proper research on it.
I just feel oblige to put it in this book because if it works, it might be the main highlight of this book!!
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